LoraWan technologien location-based services favendo

LoRaWan

With a range of up to 40 km in rural areas and 2 km in urban areas, LoRaWan (Long Range Wide Area Network) is one of the technologies with the highest range for positioning. The low-power wireless network protocol was developed for communication on the Internet of Things, the specifications are defined and freely available by the LoRa Alliance, a non-profit organization initiated by industrial companies from all industries. In addition to the long range, the ability to penetrate buildings is one of the advantages, and to a certain extent underground rooms can also be supplied.
High range

Low acquisition costs

Very energy efficient

Not suitable for transferring larger amounts of data
Typically, the LoRaWAN network architecture is star-shaped, the end devices communicate with gateways, which in turn are connected to the network server via standard IP connections. In general, communication is bidirectional, with three device variants. Class A devices work with the ALOHA protocol. The device sends its generated data packets to the gateway, followed by two Download Receive windows, which can be used for data reception. A new data transfer can only be initiated by the mobile device during a new upload. Class B devices also open download-receive windows triggered by a beacon signal from the gateway at set times. Class C terminals are almost permanently active.

The data rate varies from 0.3 kbit/s to 50 kbit/s. Depending on the application, the battery has a service life of 2 to 15 years.